Ashgabat International Airport, is one of three international airports in Turkmenistan. It is located approximately 10 km northwest of the capital Ashgabat. The airport, with its air traffic control tower and a 3,700 m long precision approach runway, opened in 1994 and was named after the country's first president, Saparmyrat Niyazov.
As part of Saparmurat Niyazov's aspiration to transform Turkmenistan into 'the new Kuwait', he sought to construct a distinctive airport. This zeal resulted in the control tower being constructed on the wrong side of the runway. The 'gaudy new terminal' now blocked the view of air traffic controllers as they guided pilots. The builders warned him of this, however, he responded that, "It looks better this way."
The Turkmen government opened an international tender in 2012 for the construction of a new international airport in Ashgabat, to be named "Oguz Han". Polimeks, a Turkish construction company active in Turkmenistan since the late-1990s, was declared as the winner of the tender. The project will cost $2.3 billion and features a highly unusual terminal design featuring a Turkmen bird. The new airport will be able to serve 14 million passengers per year and is scheduled for completion in 2016. It will have the capacity to handle 1,600 passengers per hour. The airport will have a closed-area of 350,000 m2 and include a passenger terminal, VIP terminal, cargo terminal with a capacity to handle 200,000 tonnes of freight per year, a new air traffic control tower (ATCT), a maintenance hangar for three narrow-body aircraft, new fuelling stations, catering, fire brigade, flight simulation, repair and maintenance buildings, parking space for 3.000 cars, a civil aviation school as well as a medical center. Once completed, the airport will also have a new 3,800m long runway to serve wide-body, double-deck jet airliners such as the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8.
- 1097 parking bays, in three levels..
- 6 ZoneBuffers
- 2 BlockBuffers
- 10 Power supplies
- Control room